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Testimonies of a farewell. Rituals and abandonment in Juella with the Inka conquest of Humahuaca

Leibowicz, Iván
   
Editor:
Arqueología
Fecha:
2013-04-01
Tipo de documento: 
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Formato:
application/pdf
Idioma:
spa
Temas:
Ceremonies; Regional development period; Inka conquest; Citation and evocation; Offerings - Ceremonias; Período de desarrollos regionales; Conquista Inka; Citación y evocación; Ofrendas
Descripción:
The opening and closing of spaces has been extensively documented at an ethnographic level in the Andes. At the archaeological level however, we have numerous examples of the first type and not many testimonies of abandon of a particular enclosure or settlement. In Juella, Quebrada de Humahuaca, Jujuy, we have a unique context that includes the closure of a door, a burial of an unborn in the occupation floor, and the intentional burial of some objects. In the context of an occupation restricted to the Regional Developments Period, we consider that the material found and analyzed here is related to rituals and ce-remonies of the closure and symbolic death of this space. From radiocarbon dates obtained from this particular event and its relationship to the overall site context, we believe that this event not only had to do with the abandonment of the structure, but is closely related to the site as a whole, and to the time of the Inca conquest of the region as well.
Las ceremonias de apertura y cierre de espacios han sido ampliamente documentados a nivel etnográfico en el mundo andino. A nivel arqueológico sin embargo, contamos con numerosos ejemplos del primer tipo y no tantos que testimonien el abandono de un determinado recinto o asentamiento. En trabajos realizados en Juella, Quebrada de Humahuaca, Jujuy, nos encontramos ante un singular contexto que incluye el tapiado de una puerta, la inhumación sobre el piso de ocupación de un nonato y el entierro intencional de algunos objetos. Consideramos, en el marco de una ocupación restringida al Período de Desarrollos Regionales, que la materialidad hallada, y aquí analizada, se encuentra relacionada con rituales y ceremonias ligadas al cierre y a la muerte simbólica de este espacio. A partir de la obtención de diversos fechados radiocarbónicos, que incluyen uno de este evento particular, y su relación con el contexto general del sitio, pensamos que este acontecimiento no solo tuvo que ver con el abandono del recinto, sino que se encuentra íntimamente ligado con el del sitio en su totalidad, al tiempo que este último se relaciona con la conquista inkaica de la región.
Fuente:
Arqueología; Vol. 19, núm. 1 (2013); 153-176
Relación:
http://revistascientificas.filo.uba.ar/index.php/Arqueologia/article/view/1685/1591
Identificador:
http://revistascientificas.filo.uba.ar/index.php/Arqueologia/article/view/1685
http://repositoriouba.sisbi.uba.ar/gsdl/cgi-bin/library.cgi?a=d&c=arqueo&d=1685_oai
Derechos:
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Cita bibliográfica:

Leibowicz, Iván  (2013-04-01).  Testimonies of a farewell. Rituals and abandonment in Juella with the Inka conquest of Humahuaca.  (info:eu-repo/semantics/article).  Arqueología.  [consultado:  ] Disponible en el Repositorio Digital Institucional de la Universidad de Buenos Aires:  <http://revistascientificas.filo.uba.ar/index.php/Arqueologia/article/view/1685>