En:
Arqueología; Vol. 19 (2013): Dossier; 81-101
Editor:
Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Filosofía y Letras. Instituto de Arqueología
Tipo de documento: 
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Formato: 
application/pdf
Idioma: 
spa
Temas:
Arqueología evolutiva; Arqueología interpretativa; Teoría arqueológica
Temas:
Evolutionary archaeology; Interpretative archaeology; Archaeological theory
Contenido: 
La dicotomía animalidad-humanidad y otras oposiciones heredadas de la antropología, sirven estratégi-camente en arqueología para mantener el aislamiento paradigmático entre las arqueologías interpretativistas y evolucionistas, mediante una ontología dual de lo humano. Este aislamiento y las pretensiones de autosufi-ciencia, conforman prácticas que buscan la persistencia de estas aproximaciones evitándoles competir entre sí, y evitando exponer su éxito explicativo diferencial. Ellas están fomentadas por individuos que aseguran temporariamente su nicho intelectual y la proliferación de sus ideas, produciendo la acumulación de errores por endogamia intelectual, y una baja acción de la refutación selectiva. Buscando erosionar las bases de este aislamiento, sugiero el abandono de esta dicotomía dual; y propongo deshumanizar a la arqueología con-siderando que su objeto de estudio no son los humanos. El avance de la arqueología científica aumentaría adoptando una ontología monista y materialista de lo humano y de todo lo que compone el registro ar-queológico, ya que ella propicia la transferencia de ideas para establecer relaciones de complementariedad o competencia entre paradigmas. Así concluyo que el aumento del conocimiento acumulativo científicamente sorteado en arqueología, requiere desmontar toda clase aislamiento paradigmático, desarrollando contextos de producción de conocimientos que privilegien la pluralidad teórica, la innovación, y la apertura paradig-mática a los embates de la refutación y la obtención de generalizaciones.
Contenido 2: 
The animality-humanity divide in archaeology, among other oppositions inherited from anthropology, strategically serves to maintain the current paradigmatic isolation between interpretive and evolutionary archaeologies, which is based on a dual ontology of humanity. This isolation as well as the claims of self-sufficiency strategically favors the persistence of these approaches by preventing them from competing with each other, and by avoiding in this way to show their differential explanatory success. These practices are promoted by individuals seeking to secure their intellectual niches and the spread of their ideas, resul-ting in the accumulation of errors due to intellectual inbreeding and a low action of selective refutation. Aimed to erode the foundations of this isolation, I suggest the abandonment of this dual dichotomy and the dehumanization of archeology by considering that humans are not the subject matter of the discipline. I suggest that the advancement of scientific archeology will increase by adopting a monistic and materialistic ontology of humanity and everything composing the archaeological record, as it promotes the transfer of ideas between paradigms for building relationships of complementarities or competition. So I conclude that the increase of cumulative scientifically sorted knowledge in archeology requires the removal of all para-digmatic insulation, as well as the development of contexts of knowledge production that favor theoretical plurality, theoretical innovation and paradigmatic opening to refutation in search of generalizations.
Identificador(es):
http://revistascientificas.filo.uba.ar/index.php/Arqueologia/article/view/1676
ISSN 0327-5159 (impreso)
ISSN 1853-8126 (en línea)
Derechos:
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following conditions:Authors retain copyright and yield to the journal right of first publication with the work registered with attribution license Creative Commons, which allows third parties to use the published always mentioning the authorship of the work and first publication in this magazine.Authors can make other independent and additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the version of the article published in this issue (p. Eg., Inclusion in an institutional repository or publish it in a book), provided that clearly indicate that the work was published for the first time in this magazine.It allows and encourages the author / s to publish their work online (eg institutional or personal pages) before and during the process of revision and publication, as it can lead to productive exchanges and greater and more rapid dissemination of work published (See The Effect of Open Access).
Licencia de uso:
Licencia Creative Commons

Descargar texto: 1676.oai

Cita bibliográfica:

Muscio, Hernán J. Animality/humanity: A strategically persistent dichotomy that hinders scientific progress in archaeology.  (info:eu-repo/semantics/article).  En: Arqueología; Vol. 19 (2013): Dossier; 81-101.  Instituto de Arqueología. Facultad de Filosofía y Letras. Universidad de Buenos Aires [consultado:  ] Disponible en el Repositorio Digital Institucional de la Universidad de Buenos Aires:  <http://revistascientificas.filo.uba.ar/index.php/Arqueologia/article/view/1676>