En:
Arqueología; Vol. 23, núm. 3 (2017): Dossier; 129-152
Editor:
Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Filosofía y Letras. Instituto de Arqueología
Tipo de documento: 
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Formato: 
application/pdf
Idioma: 
spa
Temas:
Zooarqueología; Arqueomalacología; Conchero; Cazadores recolectores; Ría Deseado; Costa norte de Santa Cruz
Temas:
Zooarchaeology; Archaeomalacology; Shell midden; Hunter-gatherers; Deseado estuary; Northern coast of Santa Cruz
Contenido: 
Se analiza el conjunto zooarqueológico conformado por restos de vertebrados e invertebrados recuperados en estratigrafía en el conchero UNPA. El sitio se ubica en la margen norte del estuario de la ría Deseado, en la costa norte de la provincia de Santa Cruz, Patagonia argentina. Se cuenta con dos dataciones radiocarbónicas de 690 ± 70 y 970 ± 50 años AP. Se excavó un total de 7,25 m2 y se realizaron diversos análisis: determinaciones anatómicas y taxonómicas, análisis cuantitativos, de preservación y de distribución espacial de los materiales faunísticos. Los resultados demuestran que el conjunto posee una alta riqueza taxonómica representada principalmente por pinnípedos, guanacos, aves marinas y terrestres, vertebrados medianos y pequeños y peces, además de moluscos entre los que predominan las especies Nacella magellanica y Mytilus edulis. El depósito presenta buenas condiciones de integridad. Se plantea que los restos arqueofaunísiticos serían resultado de las etapas finales de procesamiento y de las actividades de consumo y descarte producidas en el sitio por los grupos cazadores recolectores. El conchero habría sido ocupado por grupos pequeños durante períodos relativamente cortos de tiempo. La composición y las características generales del conjunto arqueofaunístico de UNPA presentan similitudes con otros concheros de la región.
Contenido 2: 
The remains of vertebrates and invertebrates where recovered in stratigraphical context from the UNPA shell midden, this zooarchaeological assemblage is analyzed here. The site is located along the Northern shore of the Deseado Estuary, on the North coast of the Santa Cruz province, Argentine Patagonia. There are two radiocarbon dates for the site, 690 ± 70 and 970 ± 50 years BP. A total of 7,25 m2 was excavated, and a series of different analysis were undertaken, including, anatomical and taxonomic determinations, quantitative analysis, preservation studies, and a spatial distribution study of the faunal remains. The results show that the assemblage enjoys elevated taxonomic variety, mainly represented by pinnipeds, guanacos, seabirds and terrestrial birds, small and medium vertebrates and fish, additionally there are mollusks, within these those of the Nacella magellanica and Mytilus edulis species predominate. The midden deposit is well consolidated. We suggest that the zooarchaeological remains are the result of the final stages of processing, including consumption and discard activities produced at the site by hunter-gatherer groups. The evidence suggests that the shell midden was occupied by small groups, for relatively short periods of time. The composition and general characteristics of the zooarchaeological assemblage of UNPA is similar to that of other shell middens in the region.
Identificador(es):
http://revistascientificas.filo.uba.ar/index.php/Arqueologia/article/view/4011
ISSN 0327-5159 (impreso)
ISSN 1853-8126 (en línea)
Derechos:
info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
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Licencia de uso:
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Cita bibliográfica:

Hammond, Heidi ; Zilio, Leandro The use of vertebrate and invertebrate by hunter-gatherers in the ría Deseado estuary: the case of UNPA shell midden.  (info:eu-repo/semantics/article).  En: Arqueología; Vol. 23, núm. 3 (2017): Dossier; 129-152.  Instituto de Arqueología. Facultad de Filosofía y Letras. Universidad de Buenos Aires [consultado:  ] Disponible en el Repositorio Digital Institucional de la Universidad de Buenos Aires:  <http://revistascientificas.filo.uba.ar/index.php/Arqueologia/article/view/4011>